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NZ Plants

Pennantia baylisiana - Three Kings kaikōmako

family: Pennantiaceae

Pennantia baylisiana is a many branched shrub with conspicuous  lens-shaped, cork-filled breathing pores (lenticels) on the branches. The bright green leaves are thick and glossy with margins that have a tendency to be rolled under (recurved) especially when grown in exposed locations. Flowers are unisexual with male and female on different plants. Pennantia is the sole genus in the family and has four species found in Norfolk island, eastern Australia and New Zealand. A species named after the New Zealand botanist, Geoffrey T S Baylis (1913-2003) who discovered the last remaining tree while on an expedition to the Three Kings Islands in 1945.
An endemic species known from one surviving plant on Great Island in the Three Kings Group.

More on Three Kings kaikōmako: Takana Newsletter


Vegetative characteristics

Reproductive characteristics

Plant form: shrub up to 8 m

Arrangement of parts: symmetric


Flower size: 1.5 mm diam.

Leaf form: undivided, oblong

Sepals: 5

Leaf size: 120-160 mm

Petals: 5, green

Leaf arrangement: singly along stem

Sexuality: unisexual

Leaf attachment:


Leaf margin: smooth

Ovary: above petals

Leaf surface: hairless, glossy; pores (domatia) on lower surface

Fruit: fleshy