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NZ Plants

Coprosma crassifolia

Coffee family: Rubiaceae

Coprosma crassifolia is a many-branched bush with slender, interlacing reddish branches covered with fine hairs when young. The small thick leaves are in clusters (fascicles) or in widely spaced pairs and are circular to oval in shape. Stipules (appendages at the base of leaf stalks) are small and rounded. Pits (domatia) are found on the underside of leaves where lateral veins join the midrib.
An endemic species found throughout New Zealand.

Vegetative characteristics

Reproductive characteristics

Plant form: shrub up to 4 m

Flower symmetry: symmetric


Flower size: 1-2 mm diam.

Leaf form: undivided, circular, oval

Sepals: 4-5 in female; absent in male

Leaf size: 6-10  mm

Petals: 4- 5, green

Leaf arrangement: in opposite pairs or in clusters

Sexuality: unisexual on different plants

Leaf attachment: stipules

Stamens: 4-5

Leaf margin: fine hairs

Ovary: below petals

Leaf surface: hairless, with pores (domatia) on undersurface

Fruit: fleshy,purple, black