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NZ Plants

Coprosma grandifolia - raurekau, kanono, large-leaved coprosma

Coffee family: Rubiaceae

Coprosma grandifolia is a tall bush with pairs of large pale green and mottled leaves. Stipules (appendages at the base of leaf stalks) tapering from a broad base to a prominent gland at their tip when young. Large pits (domatia) are found on the underside of leaves where lateral veins join the midrib. Flowers are borne in clusters at the ends of branches (peduncles).
An endemic species found on the North and South Islands. Formerly known as Coprosma australis.

Vegetative characteristics

Reproductive characteristics

Plant form: shrub up to 7 m

Flower symmetry: symmetric


Flower size: 2-4 mm diam.

Leaf form: undivided, ovate to elliptic

Sepals: 4-5

Leaf size: up 20 cm long

Petals: 4- 5, green

Leaf arrangement: in opposite pairs along the stem

Sexuality: unisexual on different plants

Leaf attachment: stipules

Stamens: 4-5

Leaf margin: smooth, waved

Ovary: below petals

Leaf surface: hairless, with pores (domatia) on lower surface

Fruit: fleshy, red