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NZ Plants

Coprosma rhamnoides

Coffee family: Rubiaceae

Coprosma rhamnoides is a dense and twiggy small shrub with interlaced (divaricating) branches. The stems are covered with fine hairs when young and bear small rounded leaves that are attached directly to the stem or inclusters (fascicles) on short side shoots. Pits (domatia) are found on the underside of leaves where lateral veins join the midrib.
An endemic species found in open forest throughout New Zealand.

Vegetative characteristics

Reproductive characteristics

Plant form: shrub up to 2 m

Flower symmetry: symmetric


Flower size: 2-3 mm diam.

Leaf form: undivided, circular to elliptic to oblong

Sepals: 4-5 in female; absent in male

Leaf size: 6-12 mm

Petals: 4- 5, green

Leaf arrangement: in opposite pairs along the stem

Sexuality: unisexual on different plants

Leaf attachment: stipules

Stamens: 4-5 in female; absent in male

Leaf margin: thickened, hairs

Ovary: below petals

Leaf surface: hairless with  pores (domatia) on undersurface

Fruit: fleshy, deep red