Questions? AskAuckland

NZ Plants

Pseudowintera axillaris - lowland horopito

Family: Winteraceae

Pseudowintera axillaris is a shrub with red-to-black branches and leathery, dark green and glossy leaves, pale on the lower surface. Leaves are very aromatic when crushed.
An endemic genus with four species. P. axillaris is found throughout New Zealand in lowland to mountain forest.


Vegetative characteristics

Reproductive characteristics

Plant form: shrub up to 8 m

Flower symmetry: symmetric


Flower size: 8-10 mm diam.

Leaf form: undivided, elliptic-ovate

Sepals: 5-6, joined

Leaf size: 50-120 mm

Petals: 5-6, green

Leaf arrangement: alternate

Sexuality: bisexual

Leaf attachment:  

Stamens: numerous

Leaf margin: smooth

Ovary: above petals

Leaf surface: hairless

Fruit: fleshy